A foreign artist and a good art school teacher, Johannes Vloothuis, teaches thousands of students how to paint with oils (among other drawing techniques). Johannes gave us the top 10 tips for oil painting artists. I think you will agree that every artist should know these basic techniques in painting. Use a white underwear or quick-drying whitewash. One of the common problems that prevent oil painting artists from is that when you add a layer of paint on top of another, they tend to mix. For example, it is difficult to add snow on the tops of the mountains when the first coat of paint has not dried yet. When the artist enters into a rage and is faced with such a problem, he becomes upset and postpones the picture, and returns to work after a few days. There are special new white that can solve this problem, unlike the standard titanium white. They are called quick-drying whitewash or white underframing.

Most, if not all, artists who paint in oil get upset when they try to paint thin lines with oil paint, especially on paint that has not yet dried. Even to sign a picture is not so easy if the signature is small. Here are some ways to achieve this and not wait for the oil to dry: Use a plastic card instead of a spatula Use acrylic paint over dry oils. Another innovative way is to use pastel. Usually it does not dry, but you can fix it with a layer of varnish. Underlay on canvas. If you visit the art gallery and look at the oil paintings in the vicinity, you will see the existing voids in the brushstrokes in the picture with the color of burnt sienna – these are underlays. It provides the following benefits: On a white background it is more difficult to evaluate and match the color. In the open air in sunny weather, the white canvas will be too bright. You can, of course, wear glasses, but there will be obvious problems with the selection of color

It is almost impossible to sketch the entire white canvas on a fast, spontaneous plein air and you will have white gaps between the strokes. Oil paint is not 100 percent opaque, so the gaps between the strokes will play an important role in the perception of the picture. If you are painting a picture with warm flowers, for example, autumn, then it is better to make the underpaints with cold color. Putting oil in a thick layer. One big advantage of acrylic and oil paints is the ability to apply a thick thick layer that can convey a three-dimensional look. Other colors such as watercolor and pastels do not have this quality. My advice is to start with a thick layer of oil paint and gradually move into a thin layer. Add drops of paint only for small parts – tree trunks, stones, flowers, leaves. In the picture below you can see that the flowers and leaves are thickly applied and therefore the foreground effect is created.

Try to put paint on the palette always in the same order: this will allow you to automatically take the right paint over time, without looking or being distracted from work. If the paint on your palette becomes “folds” when it dries, it means that you have added too much oil. Use thinners. The amount of oil should increase with each new layer. The fact is that the lower layers absorb oil, and if the upper soybeans dry out faster than the lower ones, they can crack. Therefore, write the farther, the fatter. Avoid using black ivory for paving as it dries much slower than other paints.

Such paints are ideal for underframing and drafting contours. Do not use linseed oil for white and blue shades, because it tends to turn yellow. Do not dry the picture in the dark: while drying, oil is released on the surface of the paint layers, giving all colors a yellowish tint that is neutralized when exposed to daylight. If you are not sure whether a particular white spirit is suitable for oil painting, put it on a piece of paper and let it evaporate. If he leaves no trace or smell, then this is what you need. If you want to remove a layer of paint or varnish, use alcohol: it will dissolve perfectly.